Lapland - Above ordinary
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Ancient giants

The fells of Lapland are nowadays especially known for their winter sports centres, but offer much more. The fells are giants that were born 65 million years ago. The formation of the Alps caused far-reaching changes in the rock foundation, and this also formed the basis for the formation of the fells of Lapland. They arrived at their current form during the final Ice Age, approximately 10,000 years ago, when the ice sheet moved across Finland.

Fell refers to a mountain-like formation, the upper reaches of which are above the tree line. This separates the actual fells from the fells that do not reach the tree line (‘vaara' in Finnish).

There are several fells in Lapland, the most well-known of which include Halti, Saana, and Korvatunturi, in addition to the fells with popular winter sports centres. The largest group of fells is in the Enontekiö in the northwestern part of Lapland where Halti, the highest fell in Finland, is also located. Iso-Syöte, the southernmost fell in Finland, is located in Pudasjärvi, a little south of the border of the region of Lapland. For more information on the highest fells in Finland, visit Wikipedia .

This page provides information on the fells of Lapland.


Fell vocabulary

aukipää - a wooded fell with no trees on its peak
gaissa - a high fell with everlasting snow on its peak
kero - a bare, round peak of a fell
kuru - a fell gully
myrä - a fierce fell storm
paljakka - treeless area in a fell
pahta - a craggy face of cliff
rakka - a crag of rocks, blocks of stone


Lapland vocabulary (Äkäslompolo Primary School)
Palsila, Kari (1995) Lapin opas. WSOY. Porvoo.